快乐牛牛终极版app下载

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                        1. 当前位置:首页 > 医疗 > 常识

                          血压高就要吃药吗 年龄超标才是关键

                          时间:2014-10-28 17:54:52 编辑:5号网 3325

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载GAOXUEYAERZAIQUANGUODAOZHIDESIWANGLVYUELAIYUEGAO,JIUQIYUANYINHAISHIYINWEIXIANZAIRENMENDESHENGHUOFANGSHITAIGUOJIDUAN,BAOYINBAOSHI、QUEFAYUNDONG、GONGZUOSHENGHUOYALIDA、JINGCHANGZUIJIUDENGQINGKUANGDOUSHIDAOZHIGAOXUEYADEYUANYINZHIYI,NEIHENNANSHIFOUXUEYASHENGGAOLEJIUYIDINGYAOCHIYAONI?

                          血压高就要吃药吗 年龄超标才是关键

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载MUQIAN“LIXIANGXUEYA”BEIDINGYIWEI “SHOUSUOYA/SHUZHANGYA” ZAI 120 / 80 HAOMIGONGZHUYIXIA,BIJIUBIAOZHUNYANGE。SHISHISHANG,YIBANRENXUEYAHUISUINIANLINGZENGJIA,DABUFENDELAORENDEXUEYADOUCHAOGUOZHEIGEBIAOZHUN。RANER,XUEYADUISIWANGLVDEYINGXIANGHEQINIANLINGYOUGUAN,NIANZHANGZHEDESIWANGLVJIAOBUSHOUGAOXUEYAYINGXIANG;80 SUIYISHANGDELAOREN,SHIYONGJIANGXUEYAYAOKEYIJIANSHAOXINXUEGUANBING,QUEMEIYOUJIANSHAOQIZONGSIWANGLV;ERQIEZAITAMENSHENSHANGYONGJIANGXUEYAYAO,QILIANGYIQING。YOULINCHUANGYANJIUBAOGAO,ZHIYIYIYAOWUZHILIAOQINGDUGAOXUEYADEXIAOGUO。LIYONGJIANKANGDESHENGHUOFANGSHI,KEYIFANGZHIGAOXUEYA;ZAIYINSHIFANGMIAN,DUOCHISHUGUOHEQUANGULEI,SHAOCHIYANHEJIAGONGSHIPIN,YIWEICHIDUOJIASHAONA,SHIZHONGYAOGUANJIAN。

                          中国:2013年5月在网路进行的「高血压认知度调查」

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载YOUYUYINSHIXIGUANGAIBIAN、YUNDONGLIANGBUZU、SHIYANJIU、HESHENGHUOYALIDADENGYUANYIN,DAOZHIXIANDAIRENLIHUANGAOXUEYADERENBUDUANZENGJIAERQIERIQUNIANQINGHUA。GENJUWEISHENGSHUGUOMINJIANKANGJU 2007 NIANDIAOCHA,ZHONGGUOYUEYOU 430 WANRENGAOXUEYA,QIZHONGCHAOGUO 1/3 BUZHIDAOZIJILIHUAN,ERZAIFUYAOZHILIAOGAOXUEYADEBINGHUAN,YEZHIYOU 1/2 KONGZHILIANGHAO。

                          ZHONGGUODEQIANXIZHIAIJIJINHUIZAI 2013 NIAN 5 YUEJINXINGWANGLU「GAOXUEYARENZHIDUDIAOCHA」,DIAOCHA 1000 DUOREN,JIEGUOFAXIAN:

                          • 快乐牛牛终极版app下载YOUGAODA 81.6% DEMINZHONGMEITIANYUNDONGBUCHAOGUO 30 FENZHONG

                          • 快乐牛牛终极版app下载YOU 46,4% MINZHONGXIAIYOUZHASHIPIN,YOUJIN 4 CHENGSHOUFANGZHEKOUWEIPIANXIAN

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                          • YOU 7 CHENGYISHANGDERENDUIGAOXUEYARENSHIBUZU,GENGBUQINGCHUGAOXUEYABUDANHUIYINQINAOZHONGFENG、XINJIAOTONG、XINJIGENGSAI、XINZANGSHUAIJIE,YEHUIYINQISHENZANGGONGNENGQUESUN。

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载QIANXIZHIAIJIANKANGJIJINHUIYUHAOLINJUWENJIAOJIJINHUI,YUQUANTAI 57 5JIA 7-ELEVEN BIANLISHANGDIANSHEZHIQIANXIJIANKANGXIAOZHAN,CONG 6 YUE 1 RIKAISHI,MIANFEITIMINZHONGJIANCEXUEYA,BINGHUYUYOUGAOXUEYAZHENGZHUANGZHIMINZHONG,MEITIANZAO、WANGELIANGYICIXUEYA。BINGQIETIXINGMINZHONG,RICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGJIANSHAOSHIYANSHEQU、YINJIUBUGUOLIANG、KONGZHITIZHONG、BUXIYAN、MEIZHOUZHISHAO 5 CI 30 FENZHONGDEYUNDONG、QIEPEIYANGDINGQILIANGCEXUEYADEXIGUAN。

                          高、低、正常血压範围的定义:变、变、变

                          MEIGUOXINZANGXIEHUI (American Heart Association, AHA) MUQIANDINGYIXUEYA 120 / 80 YIXIA,JI (90-119) / (60-79) WEI“LIXIANGXUEYA”,ZHINIANQING、YOUNULIYUNDONG、QIEGUOZHEZUIJIANKANGDESHENGHUOZHENENGDADAODEXUEYAFANWEI,YOUYI 115 / 75 WEI“ZUIJIAXUEYA”。MUQIANSUODINGYIDEGAO、DI、ZHENGCHANGXUEYAFANWEI,RUYIXIABIAOYISUOSHI:

                          表一、目前成人血压的分类表 (毫米汞柱)

                          血压健康状态

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载SHOUSUOYA Systolic

                          SHUZHANGYA Diastolic

                          低血压 Hypotension< 90< 60
                          理想血压 Desired Blood Pressure90–119
                          高血压前期 Prehypertension120–13980–89
                          第一期高血压 Stage 1 Hypertension140–15990–99
                          第二期高血压 Stage 2 Hypertension160–179100–109
                          高血压危象 Hypertensive Crisis≥ 180≥ 110

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载YISHANGBIAOYIDE“LIXIANGXUEYA”DEDINGYI,BIQICONGQIANJIUBAN (JIYIXIABIAOER) DEZHENGCHANGXUEYADESHUZHIDI。CONGQIANBEIRENWEIGAOZHENGCHANGHEZHENGCHANGZHE,JIXUEYA (120–139) / ( 80–89) ZHE,XIANZAIBEIGUILEICHENGGAOXUEYAQIANQI。ERDIXUEYADESHANGXIAN,ZAIXINBANYEGENZHEWANGXIAXIU。

                          血压高就要吃药吗 年龄超标才是关键

                          表二、旧版:高、低、正常血压表

                          血压状况收缩压 Systolic(毫米汞柱)舒张压 Diastolic(毫米汞柱)
                          第四期高血压 (紧急)≥210≥120
                          第叁期高血压 (严重)180-209110-119
                          第二期高血压 (中度)160-179100-109
                          第一期高血压 (温和)140-15990-99
                          高正常130-13985-89
                          正常120-12980-84
                          低正常110-11975-79
                          稍微过低90-10960-74
                          明显过低60-8940-59
                          危险地过低50-5933-39

                          DABUFENDEREN,XUEYAHUISUINIANLINGZENGJIA

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载SHISHISHANG,DABUFENDERENBINGMEIYOUGUOZHELIXIANGDEJIANKANGSHENGHUO,YISHENGZHONGXUEYAHUIBUDUANPANSHENG,YIZHIYUBUTONGDENIANLINGCENGDEREN,QIPINGJUNXUEYAHUISUIZHENIANLINGSHANGSHENG,RUYIXIABIAOSANSUOSHI:

                          表叁、各年龄层平均血压表

                          年岁收缩压 - 平均及(範围)舒张压 - 平均及(範围)
                          15 to 19117 (105-130)77 (73-81)
                          20 to 24120 (108-132)79 (75-83)
                          25 to 29121 (109-133)80 (76-84)
                          30 to 34122 (110-134)81 (77-85)
                          35 to 39123 (111-135)82 (78-86)
                          40 to 44125 (112-137)83 (79-87)
                          45 to 49127 (115-139)84 (80-88)
                          50 to 54129 (116-142)85 (81-89)
                          55 to 59131 (118-144)86 (82-90)
                          60 to 64134 (121-147)87 (83-91)

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载YOUYUYIBANRENXUEYAHUISUIZHENIANLINGSHANGSHENG,ZAI 1970 NIANDAIZHIQIAN,ZHENGCHANGXUEYASHIBEIDINGYIWEINANXINGSHOUSUOYAZAI “100 JIANIANLINGSHU” YIXIA。LIRU,YIGENANXING 30 SUIZHEDEZHENGCHANGSHOUSUOYAYAOBEIDINGYIWEIZAI130YIXIA,ER50SUIZHEDESHOUSUOYAYAOZAI 150 YIXIA。NVXINGZHENGCHANGSHOUSUOYAZEBEIDINGYIWEIBINANXINGDI 10 HAOMIGONGZHUZUOYOU。ZAI1970NIANDAIZHIQIAN,YIJIEJIANGYAOWUZHILIAODEMUBIAO,DINGWEIKONGZHIBINGRENXUEYAZAI 160 / 95 YIXIA,DANSHIXIANZAIYIBEIXIAXIUWEI 140 / 90 YIXIA。ZHEIYANGDEZHUNZEGAIBIAN,SHICHIJIANGXUEYAYAODEBINGRENHEQIYONGYAOLIANG,TURANJIANZENGJIALEXUDUO。

                          血压高就要吃药吗 年龄超标才是关键

                          舒张压和收缩压对死亡率的影响

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载ZHEIPIANLUNWENFABIAOZAI 2011 NIAN 7 YUE 26 RI J Gen Intern Med. QIKAN, ZUOZHESHIMEIGUO University of Minnesota DAXUEDE Brent C. Taylor HETADEYANJIUTUANDUI。YANJIUZHEZAI 1970 NIANDAIDEZAOQIDAO 1992 NIANWEIZHI,JIANGJIN 30 NIANJIANGONGSHOUJILE 13,792 WEIMEIGUORENDEXUEYAHESIWANGZILIAO,FENXIXUEYA、SIWANGLV、HENIANLING,SANZHEZHIJIANDEGUANLIAN。

                          YANJIUFENXIJIEGUOXIANSHI,XUEYADUISIWANGLVDEYINGXIANGHESHOUSHIZHEDENIANLINGYOUGUAN,JIGAOXUEYAZENGJIASIWANGLVDECHENGDU,SUINIANLINGERJIANRUO;DIXUEYAZENGJIASIWANGLVDECHENGDU,SUINIANLINGERZENGQIANG。RUOYI 100-119 ZHEDANGZUOSHOUSUOYAJIZHUNZU、ERYI 70-79 ZHEDANGZUOJIZHUNDANGZUOSHUZHANGYAJIZHUNZU,ZE:

                          1. ZAI 50 SUIYIXIADERENQUNFAXIAN

                          • 快乐牛牛终极版app下载SIWANGLVSUIZHESHOUSHIZHEDESHOUSUOYAZHIDEZENGJIAERKUAISUSHANGSHENG。HEJIZHUNZUBIJIAO,SHOUSUOYAZAI 160-179 ZHE,SIWANGLVSHI 2 BEI;SHOUSUOYAZAI 200 YISHANGZHE,SIWANGLVSHI 10 BEI。

                          • SIWANGLVSUIZHESHOUSHIZHEDESHUZHANGYAZHIDEZENGJIAYEKUAISUSHANGSHENG。HEJIZHUNZUBIJIAO,SHUZHANGYAZAI 100-109 ZHE,QISIWANGLVSHI2BEI;SHUZHANGYAZAI 120 YISHANGZHE,SIWANGLVSHI 4 BEI。

                          1. ZAI 50 SUIYISHANGDERENQUNZEFAXIAN

                          • SIWANGLVSUIZHESHOUSHIZHEDESHOUSUOYAZHIDEGUOGAOHUOGUODIERSHANGSHENG,DANSHIGAOXUEYAZENGJIASIWANGLVDECHENGDUBINIANQINGRENBUXIANZHE。SHOUSUOYAZAI160-179 ZHE,SIWANGLVSHI 1.3 BEI;SHOUSUOYAZAI 200 YISHANGZHE,SIWANGLVSHI 1.8 BEI。ERSHOUSUOYAGUODIZHE (DIYU 100),QISIWANGLVYESHI 1.8 BEI

                          • 快乐牛牛终极版app下载SIWANGLVYESUIZHESHOUSHIZHEDESHUZHANGYAZHIDEGUOGAOHUOGUODIERSHANGSHENG,DANSHISHANGSHENGFUDUYEBINIANQINGRENBUXIANZHE。SHUZHANGYAZAI 100-109 ZHE,QISIWANGLVSHI 1.2 BEI;SHUZHANGYAZAI 120 YISHANGZHE,SIWANGLVSHI1.7BEI。ERSHUZHANGYAGUODIZHE (DIYU 60),QISIWANGLVSHI 1.8 BEI。

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载80SUIYISHANGDELAOREN,JIANGXUEYAYAOKEYIJIANSHAOXINXUEGUANBING,QUEMEIYOUJIANSHAOZONGSIWANGLV;YONGYAOQINGFANERHAO

                          YIPIANFABIAOZAI 2009 NIAN 10 YUE 7 RI Cochrane Database Syst Rev. QIKANDELUNWENSHUO,YANJIUZHESOUJI 15 GEJIANGXUEYAYAOZHILIAOZHONGDUZHIZHONGDUGAOXUEYAZHENG(GONG 24,055 MING,DAYU 60 SUI,PINGJUNCHIXUZHILIAOSHIJIANWEI 4.5 NIAN)DELINCHUANGSHIYANSHUJU,JINXINGLEZONGHEFENXI。TAMENFAXIAN,XIANGDUIYUANWEIJIZU,DUIZHENGTISHOUSHIZHELAISHUO,JIANGXUEYAYAOKEYIJIANGDIZONGSIWANGLV 10%,TONGSHIYEJIANSHAOLEXINXUEGUANBINGDEFABINGLVHESIWANGLV 28%。DANSHI,JIUNIANLINGCENGJINYIBUFENXISHIFAXIAN,LINCHUANGSHANGDEHAOCHUJINXIANYU60ZHI80SUIZHIJIANZHE;ZAICHAOGAOLINGHUANZHE (8 0SUIYISHANG) ,SUIRANXINXUEGUANFABINGLVHESIWANGLVRENGRANJIANSHAO 25%,RANERZONGSIWANGLVFANERSHANGSHENG 1%,ERQIEYINWEIYAOWUFUZUOYONGERTUICHUSHIYANZHEBIANWEIJIZUDUOLE 71%。

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载LINGYOUYIPIANFABIAOZAI 2010 NIAN 7 YUE 28 RI J Hypertens. QIKANDELUNWEN,ZHUANSOUJIJIANGXUEYAYAOZHILIAO 80 SUIYISHANGLAORENDELINCHUANGSHIYANSHUJU,JINXINGZONGHEFENXI。TAMENFAXIAN,ZONGSIWANGLVFANERBIANWEIJIZUDUO 6%。DANSHI,JIUYONGYAOLIANGJINYIBUFENXISHIFAXIAN,YONGZUISHAODEYAOZUOZUIDIQIANGDUDEZHILIAO,XIAOGUOFANERJIAOHAO,KEYIXIANZHEJIANGDIXINXUEGUANBINGFAZUODEJILV。ZUIHELIDEYONGYAOCELVESHIDANYONGLAOYAO thiazides LEILINIAOJI,HUOZUIDUOZAIJIALINGYIZHONGYAOHEYONG。

                          血压高就要吃药吗 年龄超标才是关键

                          以药物治疗轻度高血压

                          DIERQIHEGENGYANZHONGDEGAOXUEYA (160 / 100 HAOMIGONGZHUYISHANG) DEYAOWUZHILIAOYIBEIXUDUOLINCHUANGZHENGMINGYOUXIAOQIEYOUYI。DANSHI,YOUQINGDUGAOXUEYA(140-159 / 90-99 HAOMIGONGZHU)DANMUQIANWUXINXUEGUANJIBINGZHE,SHIFOUYINGGAIJIESHOUYAOWUZHILIAO?YIPIANFABIAOZAI 2012 NIAN 8 YUE 15 RI Cochrane Database Syst Rev. QIKANDELUNWEN,JIUSHITANTAOZHEIGEWENTI。

                          快乐牛牛终极版app下载YANJIUZHESOUJI 4 GEJIANGXUEYAYAOZHILIAOQINGDUGAOXUEYAZHENG (GONG 8,912 CHENGREN,CHIXUZHILIAOSHIJIANWEI 4 ZHI 5 NIAN)DELINCHUANGSHIYANSHUJU,JINXINGLEZONGHEFENXI。JIEGUOFAXIAN:ANWEIJIXIANGBI,ZONGDEXINXUEGUANBINGFASHENGLVZHISHAOJIANG3% (HANZHONGFENGJIANGDI 49%、GUANZHUANGDONGMAIXINZANGJIBINGZENGJIA 12%),ZONGSIWANGLVZEJIANGDI 15%;YOUYUYAOWUZHILIAODEFUZUOYONGERTUICHUSHIYANZHE,WEIANWEIJIZUDE 4.8 BEI。GENJUCIJIEGUO,YANJIUZHERENWEI,YONGJIANGXUEYAYAOLAIZHILIAOMEIYOUXINXUEGUANBINGDEQINGDUGAOXUEYAZHENGHUANZHE,BINGBUJUYOUSHUOFULI。

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                          结语:多吃蔬果和全谷类,少吃盐和加工食品;多钾少钠是关键

                          JIANKANGYINSHISHIFANGZHIGAOXUEYADEZHONGYAOGUANJIAN。DUOCHI “QUANSHICAI”,YOUQISHISHUCAI、SHUIGUO、HEQUANGULEI,KEYISHEQUXIANWEI、WEITAMING、KANGYANGHUAWU;CHI “JIAGONGSHIPIN“,HUIQUEFAZHEIXIEYINGYANGSU。DUIYUFANGZHIGAOXUEYALAISHUO,QUANSHICAIFUHANJIA,ERJIAGONGSHIPINBUDANJIABEICHUQUYOUCHANGBEIJIALENAYAN。DUOCHIJIAHUOSHAOCHINADOUKEYIJIANGXUEYA,QIXIAOGUODENGTONGJIANGXUEYAYAO,QUEWUFUZUOYONG。

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